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Pannonian trumpet brooch

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Object number
AR3050C
Object: Pannonian trumpet brooch

Material: Silver.

Period: Roman Imperial period.
Approx. 2nd century AD.

Description:    Roman silver brooch with a curved bow that begins in a discoid head. The middle part is decorated by three ribs, the foot is shaped like an arrowhead with a decorative knob. The needle merges into a spiral construction that is connected to the crossbar on the fibula head.
The fibula type is a so-called trumpet fibula. This specific variant is attributed to the Pannonian provinces of the Roman Empire. Finds are also known from today's Hungary, Austria and southern Germany.

Background: Fibulae were more than just brooches or pins for fastening garments. They were jewellery and status symbol and were worn prominently near the shoulder. This explains the abundance of fashionable shapes and styles that can be observed with surviving ancient pieces. They vary with region, era and social background of the wearer. Modern archaeology uses that distinctiveness to quickly attribute an archaeological find whenever a fibula is part of it.

Dimensions: 39mm length. 31mm width.

Condition: Very good condition. Body of the fibula fully intact including decoration. Original pin is preserved, the spiral bent. Nice dark patina.

Provenance: Acquired by us in 2020 on the German art market. Previously in the Austrian private collection M. S., exported from Austria to Germany in 2019 with approval from the Austrian Federal Monuments Office. Acquired into the collection in the 1970ies.

References: Cf. O. Almgren, Studien über Nordeuropäische Fibelformen der ersten nachchristlichen Jahrhunderte mit Berücksichtigung der provinzialrömischen und russischen Formen (Dissertation, 1897), plate IV, no. 86.
Cf. R. Heynowskis, Fibeln - erkennen, bestimmen, beschreiben, p. 84, no. 3.18.2.2.
Cf. R. Hattatt, A Visual Catalogue of Richard Hattatt's Ancient Brooches, p. 235, no. 338.
Cf. S. Redic, Finding of roman brooches in the cemeteries of Viminacium, plate VII, no. 58.

Literature: A superb and compact overview on the subject of ancient fibulae is given by R. Heynowski in his book "Fibeln - erkennen, bestimmen, beschreiben" (Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2012, German language).

Authenticity: We unconditionally guarantee the authenticity of every artefact, all items are subject to our lifetime return policy on authenticity.